According to Oxford dictionary, Deradicalization means the action or process of causing a person with extreme views to adopt more moderate positions on political or social issues.
The prevention of radicalization is an essential part of crime prevention in society. By engaging in lawful, socially useful activities and adopting a humanistic orientation towards society and outlook on life, young persons can develop non-criminogenic attitudes. In this endeavour everyone in the community has a role to play: –
Governments have a big role to play in the implementation of the laid out guidelines, in accordance with national legal systems, the well-being of young persons from their early childhood should be the focus of any preventive programme.
The need for and importance of progressive radicalization prevention policies and the systematic study and the elaboration of measures should be recognized. These should avoid criminalizing and penalizing a child for behaviour that does not cause serious damage to the development of the child or harm to others. Such policies and measures should involve:
- Provision of opportunities, in particular educational opportunities, to meet the varying needs of young persons and to serve as a supportive framework for safeguarding the personal development of all young persons, particularly those who are demonstrably endangered or at social risk and are in need of special care and protection.
- Community-based services and programmes such as St John Association should be developed for the prevention of radicalization, particularly where no agencies have yet been established. Formal agencies of social control should only be utilized as a means of last resort.
There is a strong connection between youth crimes and social, ethnic and class differences. These are the differences that make teens feel inferior. They are unable to enjoy the trust, feeling of belongingness and empathy from society. The feeling that they are being rejected by a specific social group or class stirs rebellion in them. Frustrated over being rejected, they decide to teach everyone a lesson by going against the rules and breaking the laws. As society, there’s a need to be careful not to push teens down this path of destruction. Appreciate them for what there are, celebrate their difference, and accept their uniqueness. The successful prevention of radicalization requires efforts on the part of the entire society to ensure the harmonious development of adolescents, with respect for and promotion of their personality from early childhood. Community involvement through a wide range of services and programmes will help achieve this.
In many cases, teens are involved in criminal acts simply to gain attention which they failed to get from their family, especially their parents. They crave for their existence to be acknowledged. It’s extremely important that parents take out time to sit down and have a conversation with their youngsters every day. Giving them the attention they desire so that they don’t feel the need to go searching for it elsewhere. Parents must always remain on a lookout for signs of stress and trouble in their children’s lives.